PREGNANT WOMEN STRUGGLING WITH HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND STRESS IN PREGNANCY AND ROLE OF NITRIC OXIDE SUPPLEMENTS L-ARGININE FOR PROLONG PERIOD

  • Khalida Soomro Ziauddin University Hospital
  • Sadaf Memon
Keywords: PREGNANT, STRESS, L-ARGININE

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Mental stress can contribute to the exacerbation of hypertension in pregnant women and preeclampsia by the release of stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol level. Less nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasodilation and excess formation of reactive oxygen species could explain poor placenta perfusion already in PIH and Preeclampsia due to impaired endothelial function. Studies have indicated that Nitric oxide supplement L-arginine can lead to beneficial effects on various cardiometabolic markers, including blood pressure and vascular function especially in pregnant mothers.

OBJECTIVE:

The primary objective of this meta-analysis study of placebo-controlled trials was to assess and ascertain the evidence of effectiveness of L-arginine and its use in enhancing nitric oxide synthesis to translate into tangible improvement in Hypertension and preeclampsia management, Nitric oxide supplement L-arginine’s ubiquitous molecule’s role is a subject of debate and research with focus on both systolic and diastolic values, pregnancy outcomes and understanding of its role in Hypertension resistant to currently available therapies.

METHODS:

In this study focused on role of L-arginine on high blood pressure during pregnancy, we did a thorough research, effective communication of information from relevant and up-to-date research articles, studies from reputable sources and great places of academic database like PubMed, Google Scholar, medical journals. Around 16 trials were searched in Pub-Med and Google scholar. A total of six trials were included in this meta-analysis.

RESULTS:

Result of this meta-analysis shows Nitric Oxide L-arginine supplementation showed a mean decrease in diastolic blood pressure and can lead to beneficial effect on blood pressure and vascular function especially in pregnant mothers with stress, mean increase up to 1. 23 weeks (p = 0. 002) for gestation period to delivery but did not showed reduction in systolic blood pressure as compared to placebo.

CONCLUSION:

This meta-analysis study supports the notion that availability of this substrate for NO synthesis prolongs the latency to development of preeclampsia and decrease the hypertension in a high-risk pregnant woman with Hypertension and stress.

Published
2024-03-30
How to Cite
Soomro, K., & Memon, S. (2024). PREGNANT WOMEN STRUGGLING WITH HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND STRESS IN PREGNANCY AND ROLE OF NITRIC OXIDE SUPPLEMENTS L-ARGININE FOR PROLONG PERIOD. Journal of Pakistan Psychiatric Society, 21(01). Retrieved from https://jpps.pk/index.php/journal/article/view/309