Guidelines for Authors

All Manuscripts should be submitted online as a Word document online via the link: Submit an Article. Authors may check the progress of their manuscript(s) at any time via the submission website. For assistance with online submission, please email editorjppspak@gmail.com or call +92 3312111525.

The JPPS agrees to accept manuscripts prepared in accordance with the “Uniform Requirements submitted to the Biomedical Journals” as approved by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines, published in the British Medical Journal 1991; 302:334-41. All material submitted for publication should be sent exclusively to the Journal of Pakistan Psychiatric Society. Work that has already been reported in a published paper or is described in a paper sent or accepted elsewhere for publication should not be submitted. However, a complete report following the publication of a preliminary report, usually in the form of an abstract or a paper that has been presented at a scientific meeting, if not published in full in a proceedings or similar publication, may be submitted. Press reports of meetings will not be considered a breach of this rule, but such reports should not be amplified by additional data or copies of tables and illustrations. In case of doubt, a copy of the published material should be included with a manuscript to help the editors decide how to deal with the matter.

Authors will be asked to confirm that the prerequisite elements are included during submission. Any omissions may cause delays.

ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS

If tables, illustrations, or photographs that have already been published are included, a letter of permission for re-publication should be obtained from the author(s) as well as the Editor of the journal where they were previously published.

Written permission to reproduce photographs of patients, whose identity is not disguised should be sent with the manuscript; otherwise, the eyes will be blackened out.

MATERIAL FOR PUBLICATION

The material submitted for publication may be in the form of an Original research, a Review Article, Special article, Commentary, Short communication, a Case Report, Recent Advances, New techniques, Debates, Book/CDs Review on Clinical/Medical Education, Adverse Drug Reports or a Letter to the Editor. Original articles should normally report original research of relevance to clinical medicine, and may appear either as papers or as short communications. The paper should be of about 2000 words, with no more than six tables or illustrations; short communications should be of about 600 words, with one table or illustration and no more than five references. Clinical case reports and brief or negative research findings may appear in this section. A Review article should consist of a structured overview of a relatively narrow topic, providing background and recent development with reference to original literature. An author can only write a review article if he or she has written a minimum of three original research articles and some case reports on the same topic.

Editorials are written by invitation

The author should also submit an electronic copy of the manuscript typed in MS Word. Any illustrations or photographs should also be sent in duplicate.

Each manuscript should include a title page (containing the e-mail address, and phone numbers of the corresponding author), an abstract, text, acknowledgements (if any), references, tables, and legends. Each component should begin on a new page, in the following sequence: Title page; Abstract and at least five key words; text; acknowledgements; references; tables (each table, complete with title and footnotes, should be merged in the manuscript); and legends for illustrations.
The manuscript should be typed in double spacing with font size 12. It should not exceed 20 pages, excluding tables and references. There should be no more than 40 references in an Original Article and no more than 60 in a Review Article. 

TABLES AND ILLUSTRATIONS

Tables and illustrations should be merged within the text of the paper, and legends to illustrations should be typed on the same sheet. Tables should be simple, and should supplement rather than duplicate information in the text; tables repeating information will be omitted. Each table should have a title and be typed in double space without horizontal and vertical lines. Tables should be numbered consecutively with Roman numerals in the order they are mentioned in the text (e.g., Table 1, Table 2...). The page number should be in the upper right corner. If abbreviations are used, they should be explained in footnotes and when they first appear in text. When graphs, scattergrams, or histograms are submitted, the numerical data on which they are based should be supplied. All graphs should be made with MS Excel and sent as a separate Excel file, even if merged in the manuscript. For scanned photographs, the highest resolution should be used.

S.I. UNITS

System International (S.I.) Unit measurement should be used. All drugs must be mentioned in their generic form. The commercial name may, however, be mentioned within brackets, if necessary.

FIGURES AND PHOTOGRAPHS

Figures and photographs should only be sent when data cannot be expressed in any other form. They must be unmounted, glossy prints in sharp focus, 5" X 7" (12.7X17.3 cm) in size. They may be in black and white or in color. Negatives, transparencies, and X-ray films should not be submitted. The number of the figure, the name of the author(s) should be printed on the back of each figure/photograph. The top of the figure must be identified by the author. These figures and photographs must be cited in the text in consecutive order. (e.g., Figure 1, Figure 2...).  Legends must be typed on the same paper. Legends for photomicrographs should indicate the magnification, internal scale, and method of staining. Photographs in published articles will not be returned.

REFERENCES

References should be numbered in the order in which they are cited in the text. At the end of the article, the full list of references should be in Vancouver style and give the names and initials of all authors (unless there are more than six, when only the first six should be given, followed by et al). The authors’ names are followed by the title of the article; title of the journal abbreviated according to the style of the Index Medicus (see "List of Journals Indexed," printed yearly in the January issue of Index Medicus); year, volume and page number; e.g., Hall, RR. The healing of tissues by C02 laser. Br J Surg 1971;58:222-5. References to books should give the names of the editors, place of publication, publisher, and year. The author must verify the references against the original documents before submitting the article.
The majority of references should be from the last five years since the date of submission.

ABSTRACT

Abstracts of original articles should be in structured format with the following sub-headings:
i. Objective. ii. Design. iii. Place & duration of study iv. Method v. Results vi. Conclusion.
Four elements should be addressed: why did you start, what did you do, what did you find, and what does it mean. Why did you start is the objective. What did you do constitutes the methodology and could include design, setting, patients or other participants, interventions, and outcome measures. What did you find is the results, and what does it means would constitute your conclusions? Please label each section clearly with the appropriate sub-headings. A structured abstract for an original article should not be more than 250 words.

Review article, case report and other require a short, unstructured abstract of about 200-250 words.
Commentaries do not require an abstract.

INTRODUCTION

This should include the purpose of the article. The rationale for the study or observation should be summarized; only strictly pertinent references should be cited; the subject should not be extensively reviewed. Data or conclusions from the work being reported should not be presented.

METHOD

Study design and sampling methods should be mentioned. Obsolete terms, such as retrospective studies, should not be used. The selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or experimental animals, including controls) should be described clearly. The methods and apparatus used should be identified (with the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses) and procedures described in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. References to established methods should be given, including statistical methods; references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well-known should be provided; new or substantially modified methods should be described, giving reasons for using them and evaluating their limitations. All drugs and chemicals used should be identified precisely, including the generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.
The following statements should be included in the Method section:

Ethics Statement: All authors are required to follow the ICMJE guidelines on the protection of research participants. Reports on research involving human participants must include the following statement: All procedures involving human subjects/patients were approved by [name of the relevant local, regional or national review body and approval number-if applicable]. 

Ethical Oversight/Research with Humans or Animals: We expect any authors who submit content to JPPS to have obtained the necessary ethical approvals and consents for their research and its publication and to be able to produce evidence of this while submitting their research.

Consent Statement: Authors must include a statement in the Methods section detailing the procedure for obtaining consent from study participants. For example:
-Written [or verbal] informed consent was obtained from all subjects/patients.
-Verbal consent was obtained from all subjects/patients. Verbal consent was witnessed and formally recorded.
This confirms that any participant has consented to the inclusion of material pertaining to themselves, that they acknowledge that they cannot be identified via the manuscript; and that the participant has been fully anonymised by the author.
If consent was not obtained from all participants, please state the reasons for this and note whether this was approved by the ethics committee.

RESULTS

These should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. The data in the tables or illustrations should not be repeated in the text; only important observations should be emphasized or summarized.

DISCUSSION

The author’s comment on the results, supported with contemporary references, including arguments and analyses of identical work done by other workers. A summary is not required. A brief acknowledgement may be made at the end.

CONCLUSION

A conclusion should be provided under a separate heading and highlight new aspects arising from the study. It should be in accordance with the objectives.

SUBMISSION

Submit your article in MS Word format with the following documents.

a. Letter of Submission: A Letter of Submission should declare the following:

i. The conception, conduction, Analysis, and reporting of the research are the original ideas and efforts of the authors.

ii. The manuscript has not been published or submitted to be published in part or full anywhere else in any capacity.

iii. All the authors mutually agree to publish the manuscript, along with the name, signature, and contact information of the Author.

iv. The understanding that authors stand informed that as the article is accepted by JPPS, copyrights would be with the authors.

b. Author(s) Contribution/Undertaking Statement

The undertaking statement should list each of the authors, their affiliation, contribution in the study/manuscript, along with signatures in tabular format (as shown below).

Author(s) Contribution

All authors should meet all four ICMJE criteria for authorship. Please provide a very brief description of the contribution of each author to the research, including their roles in formulating the research question(s), designing the study, carrying it out, analysing the data, and writing the article.
JPPS will follow COPE guidance to investigate if ghost, guest, or gift authorship is suspected in a paper.

c. A copy of the Ethical Approval of the research from the concerned competent authority, with the reference number of the letter and the signature of the designated member of the authority.

                               Sample of Author(s) Contribution/Undertaking Form

Sr. #

Author Name

Author Affiliation

Contribution

Signature

Email

Mobile No.

1.        

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.        

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.        

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.        

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: The submitted manuscripts will not be accepted without the Submission Letter, Ethical Approval and Undertaking Statement. (The Contact numbers will not be published).